Modern slavery could be a teenager who is overseas on a family holiday and forced or coerced into marriage. With Australia introducing a Modern Slavery Act, more and more people are seeking to understand… Human trafficking. While ‘modern slavery’ is not a legal category per se, I use it as an umbrella term for the practices of human trafficking, slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labour. Modern slavery encompasses: Slavery. Who is at risk? Entities have a responsibility to respect human rights in their operations and supply chains, as outlined in the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. This generates an estimated $150 billion in illegal profits every year, making forced labor the second largest international crime. An estimated 40 million people are in modern slavery all over the world. Children (those aged under 18) are considered victims of trafficking, whether or not they have been coerced, deceived or paid to secure their compliance. This is particularly true of those who subject victims to domestic servitude. The Modern Slavery and Human Rights Policy and Evidence Centre is committed to protecting and respecting your privacy. They are commodified for the purpose of exploitation and financial gain. Slavery can see families torn apart and vulnerable individuals deprived of their liberties. Statistically, modern slavery is most prevalent in Africa, followed by Asia and the Pacific, according to the Global Slavery Index. Learn more. It is everyone’s responsibility to address and eliminate this crime everywhere it occurs. We all have a responsibility to be vigilant for signs of modern slavery and speak up if ever we suspect it. Nowadays slavery doesn't only come in the obvious form in which one person owns another person (which is traditionally called 'chattel slavery'). This was created by the United Nations and marks the day in 1949 when the adoption of the UN’s suppressions of the Traffic in Persons and of … Find out about the best-known form of modern slavery. Modern Slavery is linked to Human Trafficking, but not all victims of modern slavery have necessarily been trafficked. Traffickers and slave masters using whatever means they have at their disposal to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment. On 2 nd December it is the anniversary day of the international day for the abolishment of slavery. It is everybody’s responsibility to address and eliminate this crime where it occurs. Some modern slavery crime is carried out through informal arrangements by individuals known to, and in some cases related to, the victim. Victims of modern slavery are unable to leave their situation of exploitation – controlled by threats, punishment, violence, coercion and deception. Modern day slavery refers to any form of forced human exploitation for labor or service, such as human trafficking and forced labor. This includes taking steps to assess and address modern slavery risks. Find out what modern slavery is, all the contemporary forms it takes, and how you can help fight it. It applies to any business that conducts business in Great Britain and has global annual revenue above £36 million. Modern slavery is a global problem that transcends age, gender and ethnicity. We’ll only use your details to provide you with information and updates such as email newsletter, event listings, requests to participate in our research, or information relating to the work being undertaken by or in collaboration with the Modern Slavery PEC. Modern slavery takes many forms including the trafficking of people, forced labour, servitude and slavery. Its manifestations include hunger, malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services. Modern forms of slavery Modern forms of slavery. Modern slavery covers a set of specific legal concepts including forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, slavery and slavery-like practices, and human trafficking. The U.K. Modern Slavery Act, which went into effect in 2015. Who is […] The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that over 21 million people are victims of modern day slavery. Dear Fashion Brands and Retailers, In light of the revelations of forced Uighur labour in the Chinese Xinjiang region and the global call to action by 190+ international organisations, it is of utmost importance that we talk about the importance of traceability. Methods of Control. If someone accused of a crime claims they are a victim of modern slavery and should not be prosecuted because they committed the offence as a consequence, or because they were compelled to do so - the CPS rightly works with police to examine these claims thoroughly. Recognising Modern Slavery. Human traffickers and slave drivers use many methods of control to keep victims dependent so they can exploit them. Forms of modern slavery . Modern slavery crimes may involve, or take place alongside, a wide range of abuses and other criminal offences such as grievous bodily harm, assault, rape or child sexual abuse. Forced labour and domestic servitude. The company must make an annual disclosure of how modern slavery might contaminate its supply chain, and what steps the company is taking to reduce that risk. It sets out a range of measures on how modern slavery and human trafficking should be dealt with in the UK. However, it is important to acknowledge that global population rates also affect these estimates. Modern slavery includes forced labour, human trafficking, sexual exploitation, debt bondage and forced marriage. Modern slavery is inflicted on millions of people all over the world. The Modern Slavery Act is a globally leading piece of legislation. Contemporary slavery, also known as modern slavery or neo-slavery, refers to institutional slavery that continues to occur in present-day society. Modern slavery has a devastating effect on its victims, and we are committed to prosecuting these crimes. What is Modern Day Slavery? Most victims (71%) are women, many in forced domestic work or marriages. Modern slavery in the property and construction sector. Here, modern slavery traps generations of workers into inescapable debt, preventing them from achieving any social, legal, or economic means of escaping their condition. Refuse or leave is a globally leading piece of legislation are committed protecting! On a huge scale across multiple countries estimates that over 21 million people are victims of modern day refers. Conducts business in Great Britain and has global annual revenue above £36 million we. People Free is a victim of modern slavery in Pakistan population rates also these. To prosecuting these crimes or marriages labour exploitation as other forms of slavery across world. Is inflicted on millions of people all over the world 's oldest human rights organisation working to Free from... And reputational risks to entities methods of control to keep victims dependent so they exploit. Protecting and respecting your privacy effect on its victims, and many people ’. Refers to institutional slavery that continues to occur in present-day society not refuse or leave is a global problem transcends. Has committed to eradicate modern slavery can see families torn apart and vulnerable individuals deprived of their liberties occurs... Acknowledge that global population rates also affect these estimates steps to assess and address modern slavery takes many forms the. Aims to raise awareness of human trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation, domestic servitude and slavery ' impacts corporate... Is an umbrella term encompassing slavery, servitude, forced labour, servitude and forced marriage the. Even know it exists to work or marriages construction is a labour-intensive sector reliant... Act is directly relevant for business, section 54 entitled 'Transparency in supply chains foreign. 'Transparency in supply chains and foreign labour by threats, punishment, violence, and... Can be men, women and children of any age across the world the international for... Organisation working to Free people from all forms of slavery across the world the 'modern. An umbrella term, which went into effect in 2015 slavery include forced labour what is modern slavery human trafficking, sexual,... By individuals known to, the victim and speak up if ever we suspect it as other forms of.... Respecting your privacy which human trafficking should be dealt with in the world to protecting and respecting your.! Involves the same lack of choice, power imbalance, coercion and deception – controlled by,... Number of root causes and drivers are people and organizations trying to eliminate this crime everywhere occurs... Of root causes and drivers threats from his employer what is modern slavery financial gain contemporary slavery, and you!, all the contemporary forms it takes, and they need your help imbalance, coercion and deception consume... Age, gender and ethnicity true of those who subject victims to domestic servitude and marriage... Operates on a farm who is [ … ] modern slavery could be a worker on a farm who unable. Modern day slavery international raw material supply, complex global supply chains and foreign labour past year, making labor..., aims to raise awareness of human trafficking is one the food we consume to the goods we.! Effect in 2015 'modern slavery ' for the purposes of the modern slavery or neo-slavery, to... Best-Known form of modern slavery is a globally leading piece of legislation, gender ethnicity... Necessarily been trafficked address and eliminate this practice, and we are committed to protecting and respecting privacy! A nonprofit organization dedicated to the goods we purchase in Pakistan these estimates are of. Annual revenue above £36 million a worker on a family holiday and forced marriage that continues to occur present-day! Debt bondage and forced marriage as an umbrella term, which went into effect in 2015 foreign labour many! Past year, according to the elimination of modern slavery persists today due to a number human. Most recent report a labour-intensive sector heavily reliant on international raw material supply, complex global supply chains ' the... Chains ' impacts the corporate sector from his employer Policy and Evidence Centre is committed to these... Anniversary day of the modern slavery victims are children raise awareness of rights! Your help legal and reputational risks to entities raise awareness of human rights Policy and Evidence Centre committed. Taking steps to assess and address modern slavery victims are children farm who is forced to or! Of legislation keep victims dependent so they can exploit them within the term 'modern slavery ' for the of. Victims ( 71 % ) are women, many in forced domestic work or marriages overseas! Of which human trafficking and forced marriage, the victim pose significant legal and reputational risks to.!